420: Unit 4
History 420: United States, 1861-1941, Winter 2021-22
Part IV: Depression, World War II
21. Republicans and the Great Crash
READ Yawp 164-169, 192-196 & 420 Docs, Appendix: Crash Cartoon
THINK: Who or what caused the crash? The cartoon follows the explanation in the book. In class, you'll be asked to identify each element in the cartoon and explain how it contributed to the crash.
22. Two Presidents and the Depression
READ: Yawp: 196-209 & 420 Docs, Appendix: Johnson on the New Deal, from A History of the American People
THINK: How does FDR's approach differ from Hoover's? Is there a New Deal ideology? What does the NRA tell us about Roosevelt's ideology? Which of the two dueling document reflects a better understanding of the source of poverty in the 1930s?
As you read about the various new agencies and measures of the New Deal, try to distinguish whether each measure is aimed at relief, recovery or reform.
23. Final draft of research paper due during class time. Please note: there are no rewrites of the research paper.
24. The New Deal
READ: Yawp,: 209-216 & 420 Docs, 162-166
THINK: How is the New Deal similar to and different from the Progressive reform program? Do you consider FDR to be a radical, moderate or conservative? Did the New Deal achieve its goals of relief, recovery and reform? You should be able to explain Bernstein's argument.
25. New Deal: Final Assessment--Solving the Riddle of Recovery?
READ: Yawp, 218-220 & 420 Docs, 166-170
DOCUMENTS: Carl Degler, "The Third American Revolution"
THINK: What are the key differences among the four historians' assessments of the New Deal--Sitkoff, Bernstein, Degler and Johnson. Which one(s) makes the most sense to you?
26. The U.S. in a Troubled World
READ: Yawp, TBA & 420 Docs, Appendix, Chronology of Events leading to US entry into World War II
Why were Americans isolationistic during the 1930s? Were they right to be? Assess Roosevelt's foreign policy leadership.