420 Final Exam Study Guide

Essay questions that might be on the test

Terms from Reconstruction to World War I


Contract freedom

Great RR strike of 77

Knights of Labor


Lochner v. NY

Due process

Dawes General Allotment Act, 44

Frontier thesis, 51

Populist Party

Tom Watson

Eugene V. Debs


Lost Cause

The Maine

Roosevelt Corollary

Guantanamo Bay

Robert La Follette

Federal Reserve Act

Espionage Act

14 Points

The Twenties, crash & Depression

Themes: 1. Explain the culture war of the 1920s.  2. Narrate the economic history of the 1920s from early prosperity to crash and depression. 3. How was Hoover's approach to recovery different than and similar to FDR's?  

Scopes Trial
William Jennings Bryan
Protective Tariff
Department Stores
Installment purchasing
New Morality
Christian fundamentalism
National Origins Act
Birth of a Nation
Black Tuesday
Speculative bubbles
Worker productivity
Federal Reserve
Bank runs
Brokers' loans
Margin calls
Herbert Hoover
Laissez Faire
Bonus Army
Dust Bowl

The New Deal

Themes: 1. Who is closer to correct in their assessment of the New Deal--Johnson, Bernstien, or Degler? 2. How were the reform measures of the New Deal likely to prevent future depressions? 3. Roosevelt failed to take decisive action to dismantle Jim Crow and Blacks were excluded from many key New Deal programs; so why did Black voters switch their votes from the party of Lincoln to FDR's Democratic Party? 4. Explain the theories of the causes and cures of the Great depression of Johnson and Keynes.  

Bank Holiday
Fireside Chats
Relief, Recovery, Reform
Glass-Steagall Banking Act
NLRA (Wagner Act)
Fair Labor Standards Act
Social Security
Payroll tax
Minimum wage
Huey Long
Sit-Down Strike
Progressive income tax
Regressive levies
Collective bargaining
Fiscal orthodoxy
Deficit spending
Balanced Budget
National debt
Direct relief
Work relief
New Deal coalition (217)
Barton Bernstein
GI Bill
Restrictive covenants
Incremental liberalism (197)
Legislative hegemony
Broker state
Pluralistic politics
A. Philip Randolph
March on Washington
John Maynard Keynes
Roosevelt recession
Countercyclical action
Four Freedoms
Second Bill of Rights
Court Packing
Guarantor state

The U.S. in a Troubled World

Themes: 1. Assess FDR's wartime leadership in leading an isolationist nation into war.   2. What did the Four Freedoms and the Second Bill of Rights have to do with national defense?

Neutrality Acts
Cash and carry
Lend-Lease Act
Atlantic Charter
Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7, 1941
Chiang Kai-shek
Rape of Nanjing
Mao Zedong
Weimar Republic
Spanish Civil War
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
Sept. 1, 1939
Battle of Britain
The Blitz
Greater East-Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere
Battle of the Atlantic
Four Freedoms
Second Bill of Rights
"Necessitous men"

Exam conditions

The final exam is optional.  It will be exactly like the first exam: a long essay based on a prompt like one of those above, and four brief term-ID essays.  The ID terms will be taken from the lists above, plus a selection of terms from the first half of the term.  The last of the ID terms and the essays will be posted here no later than Saturday morning.  Make sure to refresh this page.  Different sections will likely be taking different exams, so it will do you no good to find out which terms & essays were on a different section's exam.  Students will be required to turn in their phones and smart watches before the exam period begins.  They will also not be allowed to leave the room to use the rest room, so please use the bathroom before the test begins. 

GRADE: The grade on this exam will replace your grade on the first essay.